Ankica Gudeljević was born on 26 July, 1964. She finished elementary school in Germany and then secondary school at Pero Kosorić School Center in Sarajevo. She studied at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo, in the period from 1984 to 1989 and has earned the title of Professor of German Language and Literature.
From 1990 to 1996 she lived in Graz, Austria, where she first worked as an interpreter for an insurance company, after which she went into private business.
In 1997 she began her career in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until 2003, she worked at the School of Economics, Brčko District of BiH, as a German language teacher; from 2004 to 2009, she was Director of Autoland doo, and then until 2014 she was Head of the Marketing Department of the Public Utility Company "Komunalno", also in the Brčko District.
In 2015, Ankica Gudeljevic began to work at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where she worked as an Advisor to the Deputy Minister, and in 2018 she was appointed Ambassador of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Federal Republic of Germany.
From 2019 until her appointment as Minister of Civil Affairs of BiH, she has been working as a Deputy Director of the Brčko District Health Insurance Fund.
Since 1997, she has been politically active in the Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina; from 2011 to 2015 she was a member of the Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ BiH) Presidency; and since 2015 she has been a member of the HDZ BiH Central Committee and Deputy President of the Association of women HDZ in Bosnia and Herzegovina ''Queen Katarina Kosača''.
Ankica Gudeljević is fluent in German and English; she is married, and permanently resident in the Brčko District of BiH.